Old Wives' Tales
Radio & TV
Toxin du jour
Scam: Scammers sell victims supposedly unopened boxes containing brand-new merchandise, but the cartons actually hold low-quality goods, junk, or nothing.
Example: [Collected via e-mail, April 2005]
Origins: One of the oldest cons in the book is to steal stuff (preferably items which are easily portable yet valuable, such as jewelry or small electronic devices), and then quickly unload the loot by selling it to someone else at bargain prices (commonly known as "fencing"). This may be a quick and effective way of picking up some cash, but it's not so good in a legal sense: the seller is likely to be on the hook for any number of crimes (burglary, larceny, grand theft), and both buyer and seller could be nabbed for possession of stolen goods.
A slightly less risky scam is to dupe customers by offering them seemingly cut-rate prices for items that look expensive (e.g., designer clothes and purses, high-priced watches) but are really just cheap knock-offs or counterfeits masquerading as the real thing. It may still be illegal, but the scammer doesn't have to take the extra risk of breaking into homes, businesses, or cars for his supply. (On the other hand, he still needs a source to supply him with convincing counterfeits.)
The least legally risky incarnations of these kinds of schemes are versions like the one described in the example quoted above: Scammers who allow their customers to think they're getting a great deal on brand-new, stolen goods but really sell them low-quality goods or worthless junk.
One instance of this scam I used to commonly see around town was pulled off by guys who traveled around the parking lots of malls and sold unboxed stereo equipment (or equipment in unmarked boxes) out of the backs of their vans to passing shoppers. The sellers would deliberately be vague or evasive about where the equipment had come from in order to allow eager customers to convince themselves that they were getting great deals on obviously "hot" top-of-the-line merchandise, but what the buyers actually got was overpriced shoddy merchandise from low-quality
Another version of this same con eschews the shoddy merchandise route and simply uses deception to peddle worthless junk. Scammers approach passers-by with what look like unopened boxes of expensive brand-name merchandise (such as laptop computers) and offer to sell them at unbelievably low prices. The sellers may explicitly state (as in the example quoted above) that the goods are stolen, and may even display examples of opened boxes as convincing decoys. Potential customers paradoxically take it on faith that a thief peddling stolen merchandise wouldn't rip them off, assume that what they're seeing is what they're getting (even though they haven't really seen what they're getting, because it remains sealed inside unopened boxes), and plunk down their cash for what they think are great deals. The buyers don't discover until later that the boxes of "brand-new merchandise" were simply empty cartons into which the sellers had placed something weighty (such as bricks or telephone books) to create the illusion that the boxes actually held what was pictured on their outsides — and it's too bad for them, because by the time they finally open the containers and inspect their purchases, the scammers are safely out of sight.
The "empty box" scheme doesn't require the seller to make an investment in any type of goods (cheap, counterfeit, or stolen), and although it may be an illegal form of fraud, the chances of getting caught are low. After all, how many people are going to report to the police that they got ripped off while purchasing what thought they were expensive stolen goods?
Last updated: 18 April 2005
This material may not be reproduced without permission.
snopes and the snopes.com logo are registered service marks of snopes.com.