Claim: A worker at Pepsi has contaminated the product by injecting HIV-infected blood into it.
[Collected via e-mail, July 2011]
I am hearing that someone with HIV at a pepsi plant has injected their blood into the product during plant production. Is this true? Why would they still be selling the product I thought. But some people are saying the news said to not drink it right now.
[Collected via e-mail, September 2012]
URGENT NEWS. There's news from the police. Its an urgent message
for all. For next few days don't drink any product from pepsi company's
like pepsi, tropicana juice, slice, 7up etc. A worker from the company has
added his blood contaminated with AIDS. Watch NDTV. please forward this
to everyone on your list
Origins: This warning, which began spreading on the Internet and via cell phone text message in July 2011 (and experienced a resurgence in September 2012), is a standard food contamination urban legend akin to the leper in the Chesterfield factory rumor. No news accounts or other reliable sources have reported Pepsi products being contaminated with HIV-infected blood.
As for whether people can acquire HIV via restaurant food, the Centers for Disease Control emphatically says they can't:
No incident of food being contaminated with HIV-infected blood or semen has been reported to CDC. Furthermore, CDC has received no reports of HIV infection resulting from eating food, including condiments.
HIV does not live long outside the body. Even if small amounts of HIV-infected blood or semen was consumed, exposure to the air, heat from cooking, and stomach acid would destroy the virus. Therefore, there is no risk of contracting HIV from eating food.
HIV does not long survive outside its host medium of human bodily fluids: blood, semen, vaginal fluid, breast milk, saliva, tears. (Which is not to say HIV can be transmitted by every one of those: according to the CDC, "Contact with saliva, tears, or sweat has never been shown to result in transmission of HIV.") The CDC says except under laboratory conditions, HIV is unable to reproduce
outside its living host — it therefore does not spread or maintain infectiousness outside its host. Therefore, were HIV-tainted blood to be mixed into foodstuffs or beverages, the virus would neither survive nor while it was still viable multiply and so replenish itself.
Although such cases are rare, the CDC confirms that people have acquired HIV through oral contact with, or swallowing of, HIV-laden bodily fluids. However, no known infections involving oral transmission of HIV have so far come from contact with, or ingestion of, a food product or beverage — all such infections involved sexual contact.
Other ingestibles have previously been fingered as vehicles for the transmission of HIV-infected blood to the unsuspecting public, and these stories too were baseless: The 2004 scare about restaurant ketchup dispensers and the 2005-2006 scare about pineapples.